Morocco has resolutely adopted a proactive policy of developing the green economy through the Solar, Wind and Hydropower Plans, of 2000 MW each, to be achieved by the year 2020.
“NOOR” solar program of 2000 MW
The steps taken in the development of this program are very promising. The first 160 MW NOOR power station was commissioned at the end of 2015 and inaugurated in February 2016 and the NOOR 2 and NOOR 3 power stations, with a total capacity of 350 MW, are under development.
This dynamic is already underway and is continuing with a new phase in the development of the NOOR photovoltaic phase (NOOR PV I), with a total capacity of approximately 170 MW which includes the deployment of three power stations: NOOR Boujdour (20 MW); NOOR Laayoune (80 MW) and NOOR Ouarzazate IV (70 MW) located in the NOOR Ouarzazate complex.
Energy Efficiency Programs
The energy strategy also aims at reducing energy consumption by 12% by 2020 and 15% by 2030 in the sectors of building, industry, transport, public lighting and agriculture through:
– implementing the general regulations on construction setting the energy performance of buildings;
– generalizing the low-consumption lamps;
– developing the solar water heaters;
-launching the mosques energy upgrading program;
– setting up local development companies for the optimization of public lighting on the model of the city of Sale;
– carrying out energy audits at the level of industrial companies;
– energy upgrading of public and tertiary establishments;
– supporting the energy efficiency actions in the field of transport;
– applying the summer time which saved 80 MW.
2000 MW Wind Power Program
The operational installed wind power is 780 MW, 200 MW of which are produced and operated by the private sector under the Law 13-09 on renewable energies. Several wind farms with a cumulative capacity of 850 MW are under development.
The introduction of natural gas into the Moroccan energy mix is considered as one of the strategic objectives for the diversification of supply sources, mainly meant for electricity generation. To achieve this, a national roadmap for the development of liquefied natural gas was drawn up in December 2014. The forecast requirements for natural gas by 2025 are thus estimated at 3.5 billion m³ for the production of electricity and $ 1.5 billion for industries.
2000 MW Hydraulic program
The implementation of the hydroelectric program involves the completion, by 2020, of the 100 MW El Menzel hydroelectric complex and the Abdelmoumen Pumped Energy Transfer Stations (STEP) with a power of 350 MW. In addition, micro-hydroelectric power stations with a total capacity of about 100 MW are currently under developed by the private sector under the Law 13-09 on renewable energies.