During the last decade, Morocco has witnessed an increase in demand for primary energy by an average of nearly 5%. This growth is mainly driven by a steady rate of electricity consumption, averaging around 6.5% per year, generally due to the near-generalization of rural electrification, the dynamism of the national economy and the population growth. Indeed, Morocco is at a turning point of its development, a phase conducted on all fronts of the economy and which has allowed the launch of several sector proactive strategies and the realization of major projects, such as road and railway infrastructure, integrated industrial platforms, agropoles, and even an increase in tourist infrastructure. These major projects present great challenges to supply energy, in a constant and sustainable way, to all the growth fields of the country.
Furthermore, Morocco is also confronted with a strong energy constraint caused by its dependence on imports of commercial energies, a situation which makes the country highly vulnerable to the scarcity of fossil fuels and volatility of their prices. Moreover, the extensive use of traditional energy (fuel wood and charcoal), particularly in rural areas, poses a threat to forest cover and an increased risk for sustainable development.
Projections undertaken by the Ministry of Energy forecast a tripling of primary energy demand and quadrupling of electricity demand by year 2030. Meeting this growth requires diversification of energy sources. Objective: Secure the country’s supply by implementing solutions that meet the requirements of the economic component but also take into account the environmental aspects and the resulting societal issues.
Therefore, and under the enlightened guidance of His Majesty King Mohammed VI, a plan for a profound transformation of the Moroccan energy landscape was launched.