Institutional measures

The national legal framework for energy is now based on two key laws: the Law 13-09, amended and supplemented by Law 58-15 on Renewable Energies and Law 47-09 on Energy Efficiency. In addition, the institutional dimension was strengthened by the creation of new institutions, such as MASEN, AMEE, IRESEN, SIE and the Energy Development Fund.

New reforms have recently been launched to ensure the operational deployment of the energy strategy, encourage private investment and promote job creation. These are essentially:

 

  • Development of large-scale use of photovoltaics (PV) in residential and commercial buildings connected to low voltage network;
  • Opening of the medium voltage network to allow the development of photovoltaic solar power farms whose production is intended for consumers connected to medium voltage network;
  • Implementation of support programs for industrial integration and research and development (R&D) dedicated to PV;
  • Large-scale introduction of natural gas into the energy mix;
  • Establishment of an independent Energy Regulatory Authority which is a strong signal of sector’s modernization and of independence from operators in the electricity sector;
  • Strengthening the regulatory framework for energy efficiency.

Support Measures

Over and above the regulatory and institutional aspects, the energy strategy integrates, as well, the economic and social axes, and this through the development of several components:

  1. Component of Industrial Integration and Support to the Private Sector

This is a major concern of the Moroccan Energy Strategy, with the main objective of contributing to capacity building and the development of industrial skills in solar and green technologies. This strategy encourages the integration of the local industrial fabric and facilitates, in parallel, the setting of large international groups. Financial incentives, as well as the encouragement of the creation of credit lines dedicated to Renewable Energies and Energy Efficiency, are boosting this developing market. Professional organizations and industrialists are mobilizing to disseminate the culture of innovation and entrepreneurship at all levels of the green technology value chain.

  1. Training component

The Ministry of Energy, Mines and Sustainable Development (MEMDD) undertook, in collaboration with the Secretariat of State for Vocational Training, the completion of preparatory studies for the creation of three training institutes for Professions relevant to Renewable Energies and Energy Efficiency (IFMEREE) in Oujda, Tangier and Ouarzazate. The first Institute opened in Oujda at the end of 2015. The competency framework, as well as the training program for trainers, was developed with the support of GIZ Technical Team.

To support the Kingdom’s renewable energy policy, the OFPPT (a public-sector vocational training organization) is also mobilizing to promote entrepreneurship and employability in this sector. Its main mission is to train, guide and accompany project promoters in the realization of their energy projects.

  1. R&D and Innovation

R&D is a major component of Moroccan strategy. Morocco aims to position itself as a technological hub between Europe and Africa. Thus, a major effort has been made to support research in the field of renewable energies, namely through:

  • The creation of the Institute for Research in Solar Energy and New Energies (IRESEN), which acts as research center and resources agency that co-finances collaborative applied research projects. The latter are dedicated to renewable energy technologies and involve both businesses and Moroccan and foreign universities;
  • The establishment of research platforms such as the Green Energy Park under the aegis of IRESEN and the R&D platform in Ouarzazate under the auspices of MASEN;
  • Capacity building and networking of Moroccan researchers active in the field of renewable energies at national and international level;
  • Support for innovation and the creation of innovative companies, in this case through a set of instruments developed by the solar cluster.